Compiled by our Colombian Collaboratory, this infographic summarises the main factors that influenced the implementation of five payment programmes for water environmental services in the Municipality of Cali, Colombia.
The research was led by Paola Arias Arévalo and Nicol Pachecho Valdés, researchers working in our Values (Workstream 4) team.
If you have any questions or would like to find out more about this research, please contact Paola Arias-Arévalo: firstname.lastname@example.org
Payments for ecosystem services
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have been conceptualised as market-based solutions aimed at the conservation of ecosystem services. They have been promoted as an effective instrument to achieve ecosystem conservation, whereby payments are made to participants under the condition that they will maintain land uses that favour ecosystem conservation and provision.
However, the literature on PES has shown that the institutional arrangements resulting from the implementation of these programmes are diverse. Some have been implemented with a top-down approach, whilst others have been developed with a co-construction and participatory approach in which local worldviews and values have been integrated.
The social-ecological systems approach developed by Elinor Ostrom and collaborators is a useful lens to understand this institutional complexity and the emergency properties of policy design and implementation in specific contexts. For example, in Colombia, there is a diverse range of ecosystems and cultures. Therefore, blueprints for PES design and implementation may need to be adapted to the specific socio-ecological characteristics of the territories in which they are implemented. This research was aimed at recognising the main factors that influenced the implementation of these programmes in the socio-ecological contexts of the Municipality of Cali, Colombia.
Among the factors that positively influenced PES implementation were integration of plural values and objectives in PES programmes; providing support for both sustainable productive projects and community-based organisations; and using a participatory and deliberative approach, among others. On the other hand, some of the factors to improve are integration of ecosystem restoration activities; improving monitoring and payment conditionality; and the integration of sustainable productive projects.