The collaboratories are open, inclusive spaces that include representation from local communities and marginalised groups. Providing a platform for these voices, alongside those of policy makers, business, and non-profits, will ensure that interventions truly benefit the people and areas most threatened by a lack of water security.
The Upper Cauca River Basin is recovering from long‐term conflict and the resulting complex governance. Hydropower provides 65% of countries electricity, but rural populations face social inequalities including lack of access to basic sanitation. The catchment has also been degraded by various competing human activities from conservation to monocrops.
The collaboratory’s aims are to (1) recover the water regulation services in the Upper Cauca River Basin; (2) implement agro-ecological systems among farmers and smallholders for equitable water management and increased resilience to extreme climatic events; (3) integrate planning tools within and across government institutions.
Ethiopia is undergoing rapid industrialisation and urbanisation in line with middle income status aspirations, which has degraded land and natural resources. Limited storage, and its situation on transboundary rivers such as the Abbay River, mean 85% of people rely on rain‐fed subsistence farming in a highly variable climate whose annual rainfall is typically concentrated over 3 months.
Focusing on the Abbay, Awash, and Central Rift Valley River Basins, the collaboratory’s aims are to (1) generate knowledge and evidence to enable informed decision making; (2) to enhance the understanding, valuation, and effective management of water systems; (3) to enhance the governance of water systems across scale.
Delhi is a megacity of 17m people that drains into the River Yamuna. Inadequate urban drainage causes regular flooding, intensifying pollution and health hazards. There is significant variability in access to safe water supply, with many non‐piped households pumping direct from polluted groundwater. Balancing development and water security needs of rural and urban areas is a key challenge in the National Capital Region.
The collaboratory’s aims are to (1) extend and improve the network of water supply and sewerage in the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi; (2) facilitate equitable and effective management of water resources by the government; (3) generation of appropriate governance and regulatory frameworks that enables better integration of policies and plans across NCR government departments; (4) more efficient use of water by the general public.
Although 97% of people are connected to piped water, fragmented governance coupled with increased demand, unsustainable tariffs, climate variability, and a deficit in infrastructure investment has degraded catchment ecosystems and water quality. Moreover, Sg. Johor River Basin, which supplies 40% of Singapore’s water, is predicted to face a water crisis by 2020.
The collaboratory’s aims are to (1) establish a river basin authority to oversee management of the Johor River Basin; (2) establish a strategic framework for integrated river basin management; (3) empower communities with knowledge to make decision on water access, use, and management, and have their voices heard by the IRBM Authority.