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Antimicrobial Resistance and Water

The risks and costs for economies and societies

31 August 2021


Image shows front cover of WEF briefing paper on Antimicrobial Resistance and Water, published August 2021, showing a hazy sunset over a large expanse of water
Image shows front cover of WEF briefing paper on Antimicrobial Resistance and Water, published August 2021, showing a hazy sunset over a large expanse of water

Antimicrobial resistance from water pollution has grown into a major global health concern.

This paper, to which Hub Co-Investigator Prof. David Graham contributed, explores the relationship between antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and water pollution. It highlights how the amount of consumption and discharge of antimicrobial drugs into water bodies, in combination with the socio-economic vulnerability of a country determines the rate at which AMR spreads. In countries lacking universal wastewater treatment and access to clean water and sanitation, water is the primary vector in the spread of AMR.

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